5 Different Types of Cranes for More Work, Flexibility, and Movement
Cranes are amongst the most giant, most powerful machines in existence. They can hoist enormous weights and build mighty structures. Cranes are one of the true marvels of the world. Cranes can move loads horizontally, vertically, or at an angle. The most familiar kind of crane is the kind that moves things horizontally. These cranes are used for many construction jobs and handling loads on ships and barges. Many different types of cranes are suitable for other purposes:
1. Electric Overhead Traveling (EOT) Cranes
EOT cranes involve high-strength steel, usually alloy steel, and various types. Some typical electric overhead traveling crane types are gantry cranes, jib cranes, traveling trunks, and lattice boom cranes. EOT cranes are an alternative to hydraulic cranes when working with heavy loads. Their advantage is that they can lift objects over longer distances without requiring much space, so they are helpful in many warehouses and transporting goods. You can contact an industrial supplier for all your cranes’ needs and services, including the best heavy machine breaking systems.
These cranes have hoists supported by ropes or chains from overhead structures like ceiling beams or a crane rail. The overhead crane is suitable for lifting large automobiles, construction equipment, steel beams, and machinery components. They vary widely in capacity, depending on the size of the overhead structure, the length and size of the crane rail, and the design of the crane itself.
2. Tower Crane
A tower crane is a more modern invention. It consists of a tower on top of which sits a boom that can swing out over a building site. You hook your cables to your beams, lift them to the desired spot and then lower them gently into place. A tower crane can be used for shorter distances than a jib crane because you don’t have to reach across as much space. They are also safer for the person inside.
There are many different types of tower cranes. They may be fixed on the ground or built upon a steel lattice structure. In such cases, they are pretty tall, high enough to extend their reach above any surrounding buildings and obstructions. It can come in various sizes, ranging from 25 tones to over 2000 tones. These cranes are used extensively at construction sites, shipyards, and the utility industry.
3. Hydraulic Crane
Hydraulic crane is closer to what most people mean when saying “crane.” It’s an engine that lifts load with cables instead of steel arms. Hydraulic cranes are suitable where you need fine control or smooth motion: if you’re putting something down on top of another.
Hydraulic cranes use the force from a hydraulic pump to push along a piston and raise the load. Hydraulic cranes are common in construction sites, warehouses, factories, and other areas where heavy lifting is needed.
4. Vessel Cranes or Floating Cranes
Vessel cranes are hybrid cranes mounted on barges, ships, or other floating platforms, and they are helpful in ports and around harbors where they are ideal for moving cargo between vessels and land. Vessel cranes have a design that makes them suitable for operation aboard marine ships.
These cranes are highly maneuverable and can be installed virtually anywhere with marine transportation. Floating cranes are also helpful for non-vessel applications, including bridges and buildings.
5. Crawler Crane
A machine that uses wheels to travel on the ground. These mobile cranes can lift objects at greater heights, such as construction work or moving heavy items from one place to another. A crawler crane is a true beast. It can weigh as much as 600 short tons, stands as high as a six-story building, and cost $1 million. Sometimes a crawler crane is the most practical choice for a particular job. Unlike a truck, the crawler’s wheels are part of the vehicle body that supports the crane.
Mobile cranes such as crawler cranes are equipped with outriggers and stabilizers to keep them stable, even when lifting heavy loads. However, they can get stuck in the mud or snow. Still, crawler cranes are mighty machines capable of lifting enormous loads such as power-generating station components or large steel pipes.
Cranes help install, assemble, and dismantle various equipment in industries. Cranes are helpful in multiple sectors such as textile, food processing, automobile, construction, steel, and glass. You can contact KOR PAR Corporation for all your cranes’ needs, products, and services from anywhere around the globe.